The genetic code is coding system through which information encoded in DNA or RNA sequences are translated into proteins or hormones. The DNA or RNA sequence will determine which protein are to made and this specific protein made will determine specific activity. This how nucleus is define as the control center of the cell as […]
All cells come from preexisting cells according to cell theory. Cells will not grow when the organism grows but it multiplies by the mitosis process. Cells divide so that organisms can grow but if cells stop dividing or when cell stops growing then it causes a disease called cancer. Cells divide to reproduce or for […]
Cells will not grow when the organism grows but it multiplies by the mitosis process. Cell divide because of the surface area to volume ratio. Cells are so small, so that they can increase their ratio of surface area to volume. Surface area is defined as area covered by outside (or surface) membrane which is […]
Cells are so small, so that they can increase their ratio of surface area to volume. Surface area is defined as area covered by outside (or surface) membrane which is called as cell membrane. Volume of cell is defined as space used by inner cellular contents. Therefore, cells are so small, so that cell membrane […]
Traits and characteristics of parents such as eye color, skin tone, height, etc., are passed on to the offspring in the form of genes. The genes are transferred from both parents and not only from one parent. This passing down of the traits from parents to offspring or from one generation to the other is […]
Definition: The term ‘gene’ comes from the greek word ‘gonos’ which means offspring. A gene is a tiny section of a long DNA molecule, which are coded with instructions that allow a cell to produce a specific product, usually a protein. The DNA molecule contains thousands of genes that are located inside the chromosomes and […]
Genome is defined as whole genetic material of an individual. Transcriptome is defined as set of transcribed sequences including coding (exon) and non-coding (intron) sequences. Proteome is defined as set of proteins that are translated or encoded by the genome.