Class 6 geography chapter 2 globe latitudes and longitudes
Today, I am sharing class 6 geography chapter 2 question answers. For weight loss tips read: aerobic exercise at home for weight loss
Short answer questions
1. Name the imaginary line that divides the earth in two halves horizontally.
2. How many meridians of longitude are there in the globe?
ANSWER: There are 360 longitudes. Ouwewqwt of which, 180 are east of prime meridian and 180 are west of prime meridian.
3. What is the GMT?
ANSWER: Greenwich Meridian Time is the time at Prime Meridian. The line of meridian passing through the British Royal Observatory at Greenwich (near London) is called Prime Meridian.
4. State the extent of the Torrid zone.
ANSWER: The torrid zone lie between Tropic of cancer (in the north) and Tropic of capricorn (in the south).
5. How many time zones are there in the world?
ANSWER: There are total 24 time zones in the world.
Long answer questions
1. How are longitudes important to us?
ANSWER: Longitudes are important to us because:
a) It helps to calculate local time of a place.
b) Latitudes and longitudes helps to locate particular place on map or globe.
2. State the differences between local time and standard time.
3. Why is standard time necessary for India?
Answer: Standard time is the fixed time for places falling in same meridian. Local time is calculated on the basis of the position of the sun. It changes with change in longitude. For example, there is difference of 1 hour 45 mins in the local time of Assam (north-eastern) and Gujarat (west).
Therefore, to avoid confusion of different local time in the same country, standard time is necessary which is same for the whole country.
4. Briefly describe the different heat zones on the Earth.
ANSWER: Earth is divided in three heat zone- Torrid zone, Temperate zone and Frigid zone.
5. Briefly describe the important latitudes of the Earth.
ANSWER: Important latitudes of the Earth are:
(a) Equator: The Equator is an imaginary line that divides the Earth into northern and southern hemisphere.
(b) Tropic of cancer: The Tropic of Cancer is in Northern hemisphere and is located at an angular distance of 231/2 North of the Equator.
(c) Tropic of Capricorn: The Tropic of Capricorn is in Southern hemisphere and is located at an angular distance of 231/2 South of the Equator.
(d) Arctic Circle: It lies at an angular distance of 661/2 North of the Equator.
(e) Antarctic Circle: It lies at an angular distance of 661/2 South of the Equator.
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