All of the following types of mutations can be passed to offspring EXCEPT ______ mutations.

All of the following types of mutations can be passed to offspring EXCEPT ______ mutations.

-germ

-frameshift

-somatic

-silent

-nonsense

1) Answer: Somatic

Explanation:

Germ mutations occur in germ cells such as in egg and sperm cells. As germ mutations occur in reproductive cells and thus passed to next generation.

Silent mutations results in new codon but no change in amino acid translation which means change in sequence of DNA but not protein produced from this DNA.

Nonsense mutations is because of stop codon (UAA, UAG, UGA). It changes an amino acid codon to any of the stop codons. Stop codon does not code for any amino acid but it stops the translation of protein and this results in premature protein synthesis. It terminates the protein synthesis early.

Frameshift mutations changes the frame of translation.

Somatic mutations occur in somatic cells which means in non-reproductive cells and thus not passed to next generation.

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