Where is hereditary information found in a cell? Explain

Heredity is the reason why children get passed on certain physical traits from their parents, and why the constancy of a species from one generation to another is assured. For all living organisms on the earth, their DNA is the molecule that carries information about heredity.

Hereditary information found in genes, which is a short piece of DNA and are located in the chromosomes of each cell. Chromosomes located in the nucleus of the cell and contain stretches of dna called genes. Genes contain coded information that controls the hereditary of particular traits. The information coded in the order of DNA bases it contains. Order of DNA bases means order of Adenine(A), Guanine(G), Cytosine(C), Thymine(T).

Heredity can be further classified into two kinds, namely sexual and asexual heredity. Sexually reproducing organisms receive half of their inheritance patterns, or genetic information, from either parent; this explains why offspring from sexually reproducing organisms are not identical replicas of their parents, but may resemble them closely. On the other hand, asexually reproducing organisms give all of the genetic information of a single parent by the process of mitosis, which is cell division. This, then, explains why asexually reproducing organisms are exact genetic replicas of their parent.

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