How to reduce pollution in the ocean
The main causes of pollution in the ocean are man-made and natural. The release of chemical nutrients from land-based sources reduces oxygen levels and damages plant life, contributing to a decline in the quality of seawater. Toxic liquids from human activities and agricultural waste are among the main pollutants found in the ocean. These liquids are not only hazardous, but they also raise the ocean temperature, making it impossible for animals and plants to survive. Now, lets come to our topic How to reduce pollution in the ocean
What is pollution?
Pollution is defined as introduction of harmful substances in the environment that has adverse effects on all living organisms. Air, water and land pollution is defined as introducing harmful substances in air, water and land respectively.
Causes of pollution in the ocean
1. Industrial processes
Untreated effluents from various industries enter water bodies. This waste includes petroleum, pesticides, and other industrial chemicals. Adding to this problem is the inevitable result of shipping accidents that add additional toxins. These toxins then accumulate in marine animals’ tissue, where they can harm the ecosystem. Eventually, the toxins reach humans through seafood, a food chain that is not suitable for life.
Several industrial processes release untreated effluents into water bodies. These include wastewater from fossil fuels, plastic manufacturing, agrochemicals, and pharmaceuticals. These toxins change the water’s pH level and contribute to the death of aquatic life. As a result of these pollutants, dead zones develop and marine animals don’t thrive. Toxins are deposited in the ocean through biomagnification, where their concentrations increase as they ascend up the food chain. This contamination ultimately ends up in the human diet.
2. Anthropogenic pollutants
The presence of anthropogenic pollutants like mercury and persistent organic pollutants (POPs) began to affect the ocean’s pH levels. These chemicals can decrease the productivity of marine ecosystems and reduce human access to food and raw materials from the ocean. In addition, despite the increasing occurrence of anthropogenic ocean pollution, some methods of mitigating its effects included reducing the human population and reducing our ecological footprint.
3. Agricultural and industrial wastes
Agricultural and industrial wastes are one of the most common sources of pollution in the ocean. These substances can accumulate in animal tissues and cause reproductive system failure. Toxins that are not naturally occurring in the environment are often found in the water. These contaminants are not only harmful to humans, but also to the environment. Some of these substances may even be toxic to the animals in the ocean, but they are deadly to them. The pollutants in the ocean are toxic to the marine life in the area.
4. Wastes from air
Air and agricultural wastes are the other major sources of pollution in the ocean. These pollutants are not only harmful for the environment, but they can also affect the marine life. Some of these pollutants are not natural, but they are made from plastic, which is indegradable. This means that they remain suspended in the water for many years, posing a risk to marine life. Some of these contaminants are not easily decomposable, but they are a significant source of pollution.
5. Source of petroleum
In addition to toxic metals, the ocean is also a source of petroleum. These chemicals have been accumulated in the ocean for over 300 million years, and the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere is increasing faster than it was during the last 300 million years. In addition to the harmful effects of industrial pollutants, there is also pollution in the ocean caused by shipping accidents. It is a major cause of global warming, which is already known to increase sea temperatures.
How To Reduce Pollution In The Ocean
1. Educate yourself
The first step in reducing pollution in the ocean is to educate yourself. It is important to understand how common sources of pollution get into the ocean and how to reduce them. Watch documentaries on water pollution and make sure that your family is aware as well. Even if you do not live near the ocean, there are many ways to help protect the marine environment. For example, by cutting down on the amount of plastic that you use on your personal care products, you can help protect the health of marine life.
2. Reduce land-based sources
Most of the pollution that enters the ocean comes from land-based sources, like sewage and waste. By using reusable materials and reducing the use of plastic utensils and bottles, you can reduce pollution in the ocean.
Almost 90% of ocean pollution comes from land-based sources. This includes sewage, persistent organic pollutants, nutrients, sediments, and marine debris. Most of this garbage is made of plastics, which are the biggest contributor to ocean pollution. While these pollutants have many harmful impacts on our economy, they also affect the welfare of animals and human health. Consequently, it is vital to reduce waste from land-based sources to save the ocean.
3. Change our habits
If we want to reduce pollution in the ocean, we need to start with our habits. We should try not to use plastic products for unnecessary reasons. If we don’t recycle them, we will be sending them to the oceans in untreated form. This way, the oceans will be cleaner. We also have to make sure that the materials we use don’t end up in the ocean. And if we don’t recycle them, we will continue to create more waste.
If you don’t recycle, you can donate money and time to help organizations that protect the ocean. One such organization is the Blue Ocean Society, which works to preserve the life of the marine animals in the Gulf of Maine. This group sponsors beach clean-ups, underwater lobster trap clean-ups, and whale watching. These are just a few examples of the ways that you can help.
4. Recycle plastics
In addition to plastics, you should also try to reduce pollution in the ocean by avoiding using disposable utensils and bottles. This will help protect marine life from harmful microorganisms that live in the water. By recycling, you will also have a healthier planet.
It’s not enough to stop using plastics, but you can use recycled ones. Most plastics can be recycled. You can recycle and reuse them.
By using recycled plastic, you can reduce the amount of plastic in the ocean. By recycling, you can help the marine environment and save energy. Moreover, you can also prevent pollution by avoiding the use of plastic utensils and bottles. You can even hold social gatherings to prevent littering. You can even do community clean-ups to keep the environment free of trash and litter. So, how to reduce pollution in the ocean?
5. Reduce disposable products
By reducing the amount of single-use plastics that enter the ocean, you can reduce the amount of microplastics in the water and reduce the overall amount of plastics in the ocean. This will help prevent the proliferation of bacteria and harmful organisms in the ocean. This will help the marine environment. In addition to minimizing the use of plastic items, you can also reduce the amount of disposable products in the world. By using reusable products, you can save up to 90 percent of the total water used in daily life.
Join Hands and Reduce Pollution In The Ocean
In addition to the adverse effects on the marine life, pollution in the ocean has multiple other negative impacts on the environment and human health. Toxins deposited in the ocean can accumulate in the fatty tissues of aquatic animals, damaging their reproductive systems. Toxins can also be transferred up the food chain, affecting the food chain and ultimately the human population. Consequently, it is impossible to protect the environment from the impact of these toxins.
Taking advantage of these options will help you avoid the use of plastics that may end up in the ocean. These products have an impact on the marine life. If you can reduce the amount of single-use plastics that are dumped into the sea, you will be contributing to a cleaner environment.
Hope you like the article- How To Reduce Pollution In The Ocean. Now, share your knowledge by comment in comment box about pollution